Let’s talk about Infertility

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Let’s talk about Infertility

Let’s talk about Infertility

Key Facts about Infertility


The health challenge of infertility is as old as the human race, with social, emotional and marital consequences. In Nigeria, and arguably a lot of other African countries, inability of a woman to conceive is usually seen as a “problem” with the woman, which is not always correct because it can be a challenge from the man as well.

Ability to procreate brings about a feeling of self worth and a lot of joy to homes. It is important for the physical and mental health of couples.

I will be sharing with you today, the first in a series about the topic of infertility, key facts about infertility.

  • Infertility is a disease of the male or female reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.1

  • Infertility affects millions of people of reproductive age worldwide – and has an impact on their families and communities. Estimates suggest that between 48 million couples and 186 million individuals live with infertility globally. 1 In Nigeria, a study finds that 10–30% of couples are affected in Nigeria.2 It is one of the commonest reasons for women to seek gynaecological consultation. Its causes in Nigeria were found to be mainly related to post infectious causes; sexually transmitted infections, post abortal and puerperal sepsis.2

  • In the male reproductive system, infertility is most commonly caused by problems in the 

    • ejection of semen, 

    • absence or low levels of sperm, or 

    • abnormal shape and movement of the sperm.

  • In the female reproductive system, infertility may be caused by 

    • a range of abnormalities of the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, and the hormonal system, among others.

  • Infertility can be primary or secondary. 

    • Primary infertility is when a pregnancy has never been achieved by a person, and 

    • secondary infertility is when at least one prior pregnancy has been achieved.

When to see a doctor


You probably don't need to see a doctor about infertility unless you have been trying regularly to get pregnant for at least one year. Women should talk with a doctor earlier, however, if they:

  • Are age 35 or older and have been trying to conceive for six months or longer

  • Are over age 40

  • Have irregular or absent periods

  • Have very painful periods

  • Have known fertility problems

  • Have been diagnosed with endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease

  • Have had multiple miscarriages

  • Have undergone treatment for cancer

Men should talk to a doctor if they have:

  • A low sperm count or other problems with sperm

  • A history of testicular, prostate or sexual problems

  • Undergone treatment for cancer

  • Small testicles or swelling in the scrotum

  • Others in your family with infertility problems

Next in this series, we will be digging deeper into the causes in men and women, as well risks and prevention. This will lead us into diagnosis and treatment afterwards.

For more information and/or counseling about infertility, contact us by whatsapp on 08183599754 or send us an email on nardpharmacy@gmail.com. Also check out our online store.


  1. WHO Factsheets https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/infertility

  2. Fertility Research & Practice https://fertilityresearchandpractice.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40738-019-0068-6

  3. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/infertility/symptoms-causes/syc-20354317.

Tags: fertility infertility cause of infertility endometriosis PCOS Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Low Sperm Count Sperm Motility Amenorrhea Erectile Dysfunction Libido

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